Date de publication: 2022

Present study exhibited the oxidative potential of microwave radiation (MWR) leading to the neurodegeneration in rats. Wistar rats were exposed at 2100 MHz frequency for 4 h/day, 5 days/week/3 months. Animals were exposed at an estimated specific absorption rate (0.453 W/kg) and power density (8.237 µW/m2). After exposure irradiated group was compared with control group. Results indicated that microwave exposure significantly increased the levels of serological triglycerides and cholesterol. Oxidative stress is observed through alteration of glutathione homeostasis followed by activated inflammatory response further confirmed by pro and anti-inflammatory cytokines in the exposed group. Histopathological assessments and electron microscopic observation confirmed a significant change in the myelination pattern and cellular organelles in the brain of exposed animals. Taking everything into account it can be concluded that chronic exposure of 2100-MHz frequency caused oxidative stress, which leads to neural damage and demyelination and may affect neural communication.

Keywords: Brain; Electromagnetic radiations; Inflammation; Myelination; Oxidative stress.

Environ Toxicol Pharmacol. 2022 Aug;94:103903. doi: 10.1016/j.etap.2022.103903. Epub 2022 Jun 11.

Sharma A., Shrivastava S., Singh A.GupteS. S., Rathore A., Reshi M. S. and Shukla S.